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Glossary
Exothermic

Noting or pertaining to a chemical change that is accompanied by liberation of heat. Synonym: Heat of the Brine. #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Deicer

A material to melt snow and ice. Commonly used deicers include sodium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, and potassium chloride in either solid or solution (liquid) form. A deicer can be used in the anti-icing or deicing mode of operations. Synonym: Ice Melt. #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Salt Brine

Water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt. #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Pickled Grit

Grit/sand that has been treated with a deicer at the stockpile. #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Hygroscopic

A property of some materials to absorb or attract moisture from the air. #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Endothermic

Noting or pertaining to a chemical change that is accompanied by an absorption of heat. #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Effective Temperature

The lowest temperature at which it is cost effective or practical to use a deicer. (i.e., salt works down to -6° but under 15° becomes less effective, etc.). #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Abrasive

Sand or another solid material placed on a slippery surface to temporarily improve traction for walking and/or driving. Abrasives alone do not melt snow and ice. #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Anticaking Agent

An additive typically added to deicer material to prevent caking/clumping. (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anticaking agent ). #ChemicalandMaterialTerms


Glossary
Cation Exchange

The displacement of calcium and magnesium ions in the soil by sodium ions, causing a decrease in soil permeability, aeration, and fertility. This exchange can have a negative impact on vegetation. #ChemicalandMaterialTerms